Berkeley has since grown to instruct over 40,000 students in approximately 350 undergraduate and graduate degree programs covering a wide range of disciplines.
Today, Berkeley maintains close relationships with three United States Department of Energy National Laboratories—Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory—and is home to many institutes, including the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute and the Space Sciences Laboratory.
Founded in 1868, Berkeley is the flagship institution of the ten research universities affiliated with the University of California system.
Upon its founding, The Dwinelle Bill (California Assembly Bill No.
It is additionally ranked 4th internationally by U. In 1866, the private College of California purchased the land comprising the current Berkeley campus.
Because it lacked sufficient funds to operate, it eventually merged with the state-run Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College to form the University of California, the first full-curriculum public university in the state.
Berkeley offers 106 Bachelor's degrees, 88 Master's degrees, 97 research-focused doctoral programs and 31 professionally focused graduate degrees.
Berkeley does not have a medical school, but the university offers the UC Berkeley – UCSF Joint Medical Program with the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), a standalone medical school that is also part of the University of California.
Each campus was given relative autonomy and its own Chancellor.
The university discourages referring to the University of California, Berkeley as UCB, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley is unaffiliated with the Berklee College of Music or Berkeley College. Weyand graduated from Berkeley's ROTC program, earning B. The Board of Regents ended compulsory military training at Berkeley in 1962.
Originally, military training was compulsory for male undergraduates and Berkeley housed an armory for that purpose. Various human and animal rights groups have conflicted with Berkeley.
For 2017–18, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) ranked Berkeley 5th in the world.
Berkeley ranks 27th internationally in the QS World University Rankings. Berkeley is ranked 18th internationally in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and as the 6th most reputed university in the world by the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings.
With the completion of North and South Halls in 1873, the university relocated to its Berkeley location with 167 male and 22 female students Beginning in 1891, Phoebe Apperson Hearst made several large gifts to Berkeley, funding a number of programs and new buildings and sponsoring, in 1898, an international competition in Antwerp, Belgium, where French architect Émile Bénard submitted the winning design for a campus master plan.