I rejoice, brothers, to hear you propose to become cultivators of the earth for the maintenance of your families.Be assured you will support them better and with less labor, by raising stock and bread, and by spinning and weaving clothes, than by hunting.
Pratt said in a speech in 1892, "A great general has said that the only good Indian is a dead one.
The experience of the schools was usually harsh and often deadly, especially for the younger children who were forcibly separated from their families.
The children were forced to abandon their Native American identities and cultures.
Perhaps the most fundamental conclusion that emerges from boarding school histories is the profound complexity of their historical legacy for Indian people's lives.
The diversity among boarding school students in terms of age, personality, family situation, and cultural background created a range of experiences, attitudes, and responses.
In 1665, Caleb Cheeshahteaumuck, "from the Wampanoag..graduate from Harvard, the first Indian to do so in the colonial period".