The Nation of Islam is an African-American religious movement that incorporates Islamic elements with race-based theology.
Is the Nation of Islam the same as "regular" Islam, just with an all-black membership? There are significant differences between Nation of Islam (NOI) and traditional Islam, including the function of prophets and whether or not Allah has incarnated.
Where did NOI come from, and how long has it existed? Fard appeared in Detroit in 1930, selling goods door to door and telling his customers in Detroit's African-American ghetto of their ancestral "homeland" across the seas.
NOI was founded in Detroit, Michigan in the early 1930s by Wali Farad (or W. Fard passed the torch to Elijah Muhammad, who formulated NOI's most controversial tenets, including that he [Elijah Muhammad] was Allah's prophet and that Caucasians were racially inferior.
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Although such laws officially remained on the books in several states, the Lovings’ landmark victory rendered them effectively unenforceable, ensuring nobody else would have to endure the same treatment they did.
Much of this work rested on the efforts of a remarkable young man named Arcadio Huang.
Born in a small town in China’s Fujian province, Huang’s Catholic parents were set on him becoming a priest.
He was adopted by a French priest and later traveled to France with Bishop Artus de Lionne (pictured above, right, while translating for the Siamese embassy).
At that time, 24 states across the country had laws strictly prohibiting marriage between people of different races.
Five weeks earlier, the longtime couple had learned Mildred was pregnant and decided to wed in defiance of the law. Upon their return to Virginia, they were arrested and found guilty, with the judge informing Mildred that “as long as you live you will be known as a felon.” The Lovings moved to the relative safety of Washington, but longed to return to their home state.
But first they had to overcome the wave of bigotry brought about by their controversial marriage.