The three principal stupas that are a feature of the Pyu landscape at Hmawza, Bawbaw gyi, Payama and Paya gyi, are also located outside the walls.
In conjunction to archaeological evidence, there are a number of written records that mention the Pyu, largely found in Chinese historical accounts.
There is strong evidence of a rich Buddhist culture at Sri Ksetra, along with the existence of Hindu religion.
Several inscriptions discovered at Sri Ksetra possess possible royal names and dynastic titles.
Hmannan continues that the end of the kingdom came in 94 AD due to a civil war between the Pyu and the Kanyan, two of the three main ethnic groups of the kingdom.
(The Mranma (Burmans) were the third.) The Pyu initially emerged victorious over the Kanyan.
With their newfound vision, the brothers arrived at the environs of Sri Ksetra (near present-day Pyay (Prome)), whose Pyu inhabitants had been at war with Kanyan people.
Burmese chronicle sources, on the other hand, suggest the Sri Ksetra dynasty was established in 444 BC by King Duttabaung (ဒွတ္တပေါင်), however no archaeological evidence has been from this early date.
Below is a table of translated Pyu funerary inscriptions found on four stone burial urns, excavated outside the city walls of Sri Ksetra from what is believed to be a royal burial site.
The first dynasty, called the Wikyama (Vikrama) Dynasty, is believed by G. Luce and Than Tun to have launched the Pyu calendar with the epochal date of 22 March 638, which later became the Burmese calendar, in 640 AD.
The vast arraying of surviving material indicates a rich visual culture that was endorsed by the Pyu at Sri Ksetra.
The Pyu at Sri Ksetra declined in prominence around the ninth century AD.
Ships from the Indian Ocean travelled to Prome to trade with the Pyu and Chinese.