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In its second most common form it triggers the noun as the agent of the clause.Other triggers are location, beneficiary, instrument, reason, direction, and the reciprocal.magbili and umahit are rarely used; in southern dialects of Tagalog na- is used instead of -um-.ma- is used with only a few roots which are semantically intransitive, for example, matulog (to sleep).The complete aspect of a verb indicates the action has been completed.The progressive aspect of a verb indicates the action has been started but not been completed or that the action is habitual or a universal fact.Tagalog verbs are morphologically complex and are conjugated by taking on a variety of affixes reflecting focus/trigger, aspect, voice, and others.Below is a chart of the main verbal affixes, which consist of a variety of prefixes, suffixes, infixes, and circumfixes.

With the suffixes -in and -an, if the root word ends in a vowel, the suffixes insert an h at the beginning to become -hin and -han to make speaking more natural.A verb can be in either the actor focus or the object focus.Such inflections are typically irregular and must be memorized with each verb learned.This does not usually happen with root words ending in pseudo-vowels such as w and y.An example of this is basa which becomes basahin rather than basain.It specifies whether the action happened, is happening or will happen.

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