), alternatively romanized Ekaterinburg, is the fourth-largest city in Russia and the administrative centre of Sverdlovsk Oblast, located on the Iset River east of the Ural Mountains, in the middle of the Eurasian continent, at the boundary between Asia and Europe.It is the main cultural and industrial center of the oblast.In the late 19th century, Yekaterinburg became one of the centers of revolutionary movements in the Urals.In 1924, after Russia became a socialist state, the city was named Sverdlovsk (Russian: ) after the Bolshevik leader Yakov Sverdlov.Russian historian Vasily Tatishchev and Russian engineer Georg Wilhelm de Gennin founded Yekaterinburg with the construction of a massive iron-making plant under the decree of Russian emperor Peter the Great in 1723.requiring the development in Yekaterinburg of metalworking industries.
The earliest of the ancient settlements dated back to 8000–7000 BC during the Mesolithic Period.
It therefore found itself at the heart of Russia's strategy for further development of the entire Ural region.
The so-called Siberian Route became operational in 1763 and placed the city on an increasingly important transit route, which led to its development as a focus of trade and commerce between east and west, and gave rise to the description of the city as the "window to Asia".
It is located about 1,420 kilometres (880 mi) to the east of Moscow.
Yekaterinburg was founded on 18 November 1723, named after Russian emperor Peter the Great's wife, Yekaterina, who later became Catherine I after Peter's death, serving as the mining capital of the Russian Empire as well as a strategic connection between Europe and Asia at the time.
Yekaterinburg is one of the most important economic centers in Russia, and the city had experienced economic and population growth recently.